Stax Records

Stax Records, originally known as Satellite Records, was a record label based in Memphis, Tennessee, that played a significant role in shaping the sound of soul music during the 1960s and 1970s. Founded in 1957 by Jim Stewart and his sister Estelle Axton, the label became renowned for its contributions to the development of Southern soul and R&B music.

Stax Records gained prominence for its racially integrated workforce and its collaborative approach between musicians and producers, fostering a unique and distinctive sound that blended gospel, R&B, and funk influences. The label’s house band, Booker T. & the M.G.’s, provided the musical foundation for many of Stax’s recordings. Notable artists who were signed to Stax Records included Otis Redding, Sam & Dave, Isaac Hayes, Carla Thomas, The Staple Singers, and many more.

During its heyday, Stax produced numerous hits and contributed significantly to the cultural and musical landscape of the time. However, the label faced financial struggles and legal battles in the late 1960s and early 1970s, eventually leading to its bankruptcy and closure in 1975. The Stax catalog was later revived, and the label’s legacy continues to influence artists and music genres to this day.

Some of the most famous songs associated with Stax Records include Otis Redding’s “Sittin’ On The Dock of the Bay,” Sam & Dave’s “Soul Man,” and Isaac Hayes’ “Theme from Shaft,” which won an Academy Award for Best Original Song.

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