Essential Listening #31: Recuerdos de la Alhambra

Recuerdos de la Alhambra by Francisco Tárrega

Overview: “Recuerdos de la Alhambra” (Memories of the Alhambra) is a classical guitar piece composed by Francisco Tárrega in 1896. It is one of his most famous works and showcases the tremolo technique, where the guitarist plays rapid repetitions of a single note while simultaneously sustaining a melody.


  • Composer: Francisco Tárrega (1852–1909), a Spanish guitarist and composer, often referred to as the “father of classical guitar.”
  • Inspiration: The piece is inspired by the Alhambra, a palatial fortress in Granada, Spain, known for its intricate architecture and gardens.

Musical Structure:

  • Technique: The tremolo creates a shimmering effect, resembling the rippling waters of the Alhambra’s fountains.
  • Form: The piece is typically structured in an A-B-A format, with contrasting sections that highlight the main theme and variations.
  • Key: It is usually played in D minor.

Performance Notes:

  • The tremolo involves the right hand fingers (usually the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers) in a rapid sequence to maintain a smooth, continuous sound.
  • It requires a high level of technical skill and control to maintain the clarity and fluidity of the melody while executing the tremolo.


  • “Recuerdos de la Alhambra” is considered a staple in the classical guitar repertoire.
  • It has been transcribed and performed by many artists, contributing to its enduring popularity.


  • The piece captures the romantic and evocative essence of the Alhambra, blending technical prowess with emotional depth.
  • It is often used in films and other media to evoke a sense of nostalgia and beauty.

Notable Performances:

  • Performed by numerous guitarists, including Andrés Segovia, Julian Bream, and John Williams, each bringing their own interpretation to the piece.

“Recuerdos de la Alhambra” remains a beloved and iconic work in the classical guitar canon, admired for its beauty and technical demands.

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